Rapidly melting glaciers. Frequent natural disasters. Irreversible damage to habitats. Climate change is wreaking havoc on our planet, and if trends continue, some scientists believe that permanent damage will be done to our earth—making it uninhabitable for life, especially human life. But it’s not all doom and gloom. Along with leading a plant-based lifestyle, there are countless steps we can each take to help change the course of history. From buying reusable straws to voting for eco-conscious politicians, even the smallest everyday actions can spark big change. We break down all the simple, daily changes you can make to help support a greener, more sustainable world for all. 

Why a plant-based diet is critical to reducing our impact

A quick shift toward a plant-based diet and transition to the food system is critical in mitigating the worst of the climate crisis, according to a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). While it explored many options related to climate crisis mitigation strategies, the report specifically mentioned a shift toward sustainable, healthy, and “balanced” diets which it defines as “plant-based foods, such as those based on coarse grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, and animal-sourced food produced in resilient, sustainable and low-GHG emission systems.” The good news is that there is enough global capital to make the needed changes to slash emissions if barriers are reduced, with government investment in climate policies, technologies, and strategies playing an important part. 

Plant-based meat products have also been shown to be better for the environment and have favorable nutritional profiles compared to the animal meat it is designed to replace, according to a study published in the scientific journal Future Foods. Vegan products require much less land use, less water, cause less pollution, and require similar or less energy usage than animal products. So double down on the beef-less patties, tempeh, and tofu on your next trip to the grocery store. 

Even major chains are recognizing the sustainability of plant-based proteins and leaning into it. Popular chain Chipotle has made plant-based proteins a key component of its sustainability plan. “Growing our plant-based category’s share of orders, which currently includes sofritas and vegetarian bowls featuring guac, can help reduce our carbon footprint,” Stephanie Perdue, Vice President of Brand Marketing at Chipotle, told VegNews. In-house developments are one part of Chipotle’s support of plant-based innovation. Its venture arm, Cultivate Next is the other. Last year, it made one of its first investments in fellow Colorado-born company Meati Foods, which grows whole-cut chicken and steak from mycelium—the fast-growing root systems of mushrooms. 

Find sustainable swaps

The numbers behind how much waste is created by everyday, single-use items are staggering. Be a part of the solution by switching out throw-away goods with reusable versions.


 Each year, we waste:  Instead, you can use:
 185 billion plastic straws  Stainless steel straws (try Klean Kanteen)
 35 billion plastic water bottles  Bamboo or stainless steel water bottles (try Me Mother Earth)
 58 million Ziploc bags per year in the US  Reusable, sealable bags (try Stasher Bags)
 40 billion plastic utensils  Bamboo utensil sets (try To-Go Ware)
 50 billion paper coffee cups  Reusable glass tumblers (try Joco Cups)
 269,000 tons of plastic take-out containers  Stainless steel bento boxes (try ECOlunchbox)

Switch to package-free plant milk 

Vegan milk is better for the animals. Homemade vegan milk is better for the planet. Making your own milk is simple; just follow the ratio of one cup nuts or seeds to four cups filtered water, blend in a high-speed blender, strain through a nut-milk bag or cheesecloth, and voilà! Fresh, creamy, dairy-free milk—sans the plastic bottles and cartons—is yours in a matter of minutes. Here are five easy-to-make recipes:


Chocolate Walnut Milk
1 cup of walnuts + 1 tablespoon cacao powder + 3 pitted dates + 4 cups water

Golden Sesame Milk
1 cup white sesame seeds + ½ teaspoon turmeric + ½ teaspoon ginger + 3 tablespoon coconut sugar + 4 cups water

Horchata Oat Milk
1 cup rolled oats + 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon + 1 teaspoon vanilla extract + 1½ tablespoon agave + 4 cups water

Strawberry Cashew Milk 
1 cup cashews + 2 cups fresh strawberries + 1½ tablespoon maple syrup + 4 cups water

Vanilla Bean Almond Milk 
1 cup almonds + 1 vanilla bean, scraped + ⅛ teaspoon sea salt + 2 tablespoons sugar + 4 cups water

Shake up your beauty routine

You don’t have to go makeup-free or ditch your favorite essentials in your quest for waste-free living. Instead, just make a few eco-friendly adjustments. Everyone has staple products they use for basic hygiene: razors, toothbrushes, loofahs, hairbrushes, and more. Unfortunately, almost all of these products are commonly made with plastic and other wasteful materials. So how to green up your beauty routine? Swap them out for these long-lasting, cruelty-free, and environmentally safe options!


Instead of: Plastic shower loofahs
Try this: Konjac sponges
Our pick: Smile Boutiques

Instead of: Conventional hair bands made with plastic 
Try this: Plastic-free hair ties 
Our pick: KOOSHOO

Instead of: Plastic hairbrushes 
Try this: Vegetable-bristle brushes 
Our pick: Saya Designs

Instead of: Disposable razors 
Try this: Single-blade razors 
Our pick: Oui the People

Instead of: Disposable toothbrushes 
Try this: Bamboo toothbrushes
Our pick: The Humble Co.

Make your own skincare products

Serum-soaked sheet masks have become all the rage among skincare enthusiasts. But these single-use, paper- or gel-derived masks and their packaging can create unnecessary waste (and hide sneaky non-vegan ingredients like milk, honey, and gelatin). Instead, head to your kitchen and whip up your own skincare products that will keep your skin healthy and glowing, all without waste. Try this super-simple at-home recipe, then boost it to your liking with a variety of add-ins.


What you need:
1 tablespoon bentonite clay 
1 tablespoon filtered water 

What you do:
1. Mix clay and water to form a smooth paste. 
2. Using a clean makeup brush or your fingers, spread mask evenly over your face.
3. Let sit for 10 minutes, rinse your skin, and pat dry.


For added benefits, add these ingredients to your homemade mask: 
For brightening, add ¼ teaspoon turmeric
For an antioxidant boost, add ½ teaspoon cacao powder
For acne-prone skin, add ½ tablespoon aloe vera gel 
For cleansing, add 1 to 2 drops tea tree essential oil 
For exfoliation, add 1 teaspoon of sugar

Choose materials wisely

Yes, even the fabrics we wear have a big impact on the environment. Get the lowdown on which toxic materials to avoid; the companies crafting responsible, sustainable styles; and how to green your wardrobe. When it comes to clothing, the simpler, the better. In the world of fast fashion, millions are exposed to toxic textiles that contribute to water and air pollution, take hundreds of years to degrade, and release harmful substances into the soil in the process. Opt for feel-good fabrics that are kinder on the planet during your next shopping haul.

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Ditch these:
Aside from the animal cruelty, the majority of leather produced in the US is dyed with the waste created from its manufacturing and classified as hazardous by the EPA. Workers are exposed to harmful dyes and chemicals, which greatly increases their risk for developing leukemia and other cancers. 

This durable material can take up to 30 years to break down, and its processing creates nitrous oxide—a greenhouse gas with 300 times the potency of carbon dioxide. It’s also a draining process that requires enormous amounts of water to cool down fibers after production.

This fabric is non-biodegradable and can take up to a whopping 200 years to decompose. It also requires a particular type of dye that is toxic to humans, meaning many factory workers have a heightened risk for cancer and lung disease.

Do these: 
This biodegradable textile is extremely versatile, requires little energy to grow and manufacture, and is very durable. 

This breathable fabric is made from flax and has been used for hundreds of years for its durability. It doesn’t require any chemical fertilizers or pesticides and needs only a small amount of water to produce. 

Made from renewable cellulose fiber, this fabric is soft to the touch and similar to rayon but requires less chemical processing, which saves water and energy. 

Purchase with power

Thrift shopping has become both a trendy and thrifty way to enhance your wardrobe. And though buying second-hand clothing is a much more sustainable and less wasteful option than buying new, every now and then, it’s necessary to invest in quality, long-lasting, new items. When that time comes, splurge on sustainable choices, and choose from these companies committed to eco-friendly solutions. 


Anekdot, a Berlin-based lingerie company, uses 100-percent pre-consumer waste materials (production leftovers from other manufacturers) to create its one-of-a-kind lingerie and swimwear. Each piece is hand-sewn by local tailors in small women-owned factories, ensuring an ethical production line. 

BaYou with Love—an eco-jewelry company designed by veg actress Nikki Reed—has partnered with technology company Dell to transform responsibly extracted gold from its used computer products into beautiful pieces. When electronics are discarded, Americans throw out millions of dollars worth of gold and silver. This partnership helps to recycle these hard-to-break-down materials into jewelry that will last a lifetime. 

Nudie Jeans, a Los Angeles fashion company, specializes in “raw” denim: a fabric that doesn’t waste water to achieve a distressed look. It guarantees its organic cotton jeans will last forever, and even offers discounts to customers for recycling—rather than discarding—their jeans into new products. 

Patagonia, a popular outdoor-wear company, uses fair-trade, recycled materials, and organic cotton for much of its clothing. It also offers a repair and reuse program to prolong the lifespan of its gear and encourages consumers to recycle their clothing. 

Swap your household items

Greening up your home routine and household goods doesn’t have to be complicated, and can be done with items already in your home. From DIY cleaners made from vodka to the things you never knew you could compost, you’ll be a household no-waste expert in no time. 


The black bin is for refuse. The blue bin is for recycling. The green bin is for yard waste. But what your household really needs is a super-green bin. We’re talking composting. Discarded food that ends up in landfills releases potent greenhouse gas methane into our atmosphere—a whopping 23 percent of the total methane emitted in the US. In contrast, composting food scraps and other organic matter can reduce or even prevent the release of methane, and help improve soil quality to boot. Ready to start turning waste into nitrogen-rich gardening gold? First, you need to know what to compost.

Do compost: 
Coffee grounds
Cooked pasta 
Corn cobs
Fruit pits
Human or animal hair
Nut shells
Old wine
Paper bags
Tea leaves 
Vegetable peelings

Don’t compost: 
Coal ash 
Cooking oil
Fruit and vegetable stickers
Glossy or coated paper
Pet droppings
Plants treated with pesticides
Synthetic fertilizer
Tea bags

If you don’t have a backyard space, you can still compost! Try a Lomi Home Composter for no-brainer, at-home composting. This sleek-looking composter device turns food waste into dirt for your houseplants or garden in a matter of hours. Not only does it run quietly, but there’s no nasty smell commonly associated with composting, and helps reduce your carbon footprint one banana peel at a time. 


Or you can sign up for a pick-up composting service (available in at least 35 states and some provinces in Canada) at compostnow.org

Grow Your Own

If your green thumb could use a little help when it comes to growing your own vegetables and herbs, it may be time to explore hydroponics. With hydroponic farming, plants are grown in nutrient-rich water instead of soil, allowing for faster growth and higher yields. This innovative method of farming has been embraced by urban dwellers who have limited space for traditional gardening. Hydroponic farming not only provides a convenient and healthy source of fresh produce, but it also offers an environmentally friendly way to reduce carbon footprint and promote sustainable living.

Three hydroponic farming devices to try:


Gardyn, an innovative indoor gardening system, uses patented technology to vertically grow 30 large plants in a 2-square-foot space. And its revolutionary LED lights allow you to grow large, tall, or vining plants indoors so you can get your tomato fix year around. 

VegNews.LettuceGrowLettuce Grow

Lettuce Grow is a vertical hydroponic farmstand that can be placed indoors or outside and lets you grow up to 36 plants in just 4 square feet. From lettuce to chard and broccoli to tomatoes, you can get all your produce from the comfort of your own home. 


AeroGarden makes countertop-sized hydroponic farms that still have the ability to grow vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants. If you’re limited on space, the option to grow your own is still totally doable via hydroponics. 

DIY household products

Getting your home spick and span doesn’t require a myriad of hazardous chemicals or needless plastic bottles. You can make your own fresh-smelling, non-toxic household cleaners from ingredients you already have on hand.


Baking soda
This odor-killing powder is good for taking down dirt, cutting through grease, and killing pet odors. The power of this gentle abrasive will help scrub away grime to reveal nothing but shine.
Use it: To get stuffed animals fresh-as-new, place them into a zip-top bag with 1 cup of baking soda, close, shake, and vacuum. The baking soda will draw out dust and dirt from every nook and cranny.

Low in sugar and high in acidity, this fruit’s juice has antibacterial qualities that make it a perfect tool for fighting germs. Its brightening powers can also help whiten dull linens, and it imparts a fresh scent that can’t be beat.
Use it: To clean your garbage disposal, throw lemon peels, kosher salt, and ice cubes down the drain and let her rip. The ice and salt knock off any grime, while the lemon deodorizes and freshens.

Olive oil
Yes, it’s great for bread-dipping, but olive oil’s moisturizing properties will also help nourish wood furniture, bring bright shine to stainless steel, and keep wicker patio furniture from cracking. 
Use it: For a soap-free way to clean your cast iron skillets, combine olive oil with coarse sea salt and scrub away.

This highly acidic, inexpensive substance is a powerful bacteria-killer and can be used on many surfaces—just keep it away from granite, marble, or your favorite kitchen knives. 
Use it: Mix ¼ cup of distilled white vinegar with 1 cup water and zap in the microwave until steamy. Wipe away residue for a naturally clean nuker.

The popular grain-based booze can be used to eliminate germs, grease, and stains, thanks to its high alcohol content. Those with sensitive noses can opt for this liquor—it works just as well as vinegar without the pungent smell. 
Use it: Fill a spray bottle with vodka and several drops of your favorite essential oil, spray down your mattress, and let dry to ward off sweaty odors. 

VegNews’ 30-Day no-waste challenge

Take VegNews’ 30-day challenge to green up every aspect of your life for a no-stress, easy-to-follow way to cut out waste—little by little—for good. 

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Day 1: Ask for each drink you order to be served without a single-use straw. 
Day 2: Carry a reusable water bottle with you, skipping the plastic and saving you money.
Day 3: Don’t throw out your spotty, brown bananas—instead, peel them, cut in half and freeze for smoothies.
Day 4: Use a canvas bag when taking trips to your local farmers’ market.
Day 5: Take your own coffee cup or travel mug to your local coffee shop.
Day 6: Learn how to sew on a button and do a simple straight stitch so you can repair clothes rather than throw them out. 
Day 7: Invest in compostable dog poop bags or cat litter liners for the companion animals in your life. 
Day 8: Plant milkweed, a favorite of bees, to help promote pollination and biodiversity. 
Day 9: Turn off your dryer and line-dry your laundry. 
Day 10: Swap out your plastic dish brushes and sponges for some made with sustainable materials
Day 11: Hide a few reusable bags in your car and at work for unexpected grocery trips.
Day 12: Plan out your purchases for the day (and stick to them!) to avoid any waste-laden impulse purchases.
Day 13: Ditch paper towels, and cut old shirts into rags to use for wiping up messes. 
Day 14: Invest in a French press coffee maker, or a reusable cold brew maker to eliminate the need for coffee filters.
Day 15: Find free online services to help you opt out of receiving unwanted junk mail.
Day 16: Purchase an eco-friendly bamboo toothbrush to use once your current one is worn out.
Day 17: Place a set of reusable utensils in your bag or car to avoid plastic take-out utensils. 
Day 18: Buy a package-free bar soap—it’ll last longer and create less waste than plastic bottles.
Day 19: Look up YouTube videos on how to create your own canvas bags using old clothing.
Day 20: Take Mason jars to the store and try your hand at shopping the bulk section. 
Day 21: Explore your neighborhood thrift stores for second-hand finds. 
Day 22: Create homemade household cleaners to slowly replace your old ones. 
Day 23: Walk, bike, or take public transit in place of one car trip.
Day 24: Meal prep for the days ahead—having lunch on hand cuts down on wasteful take-out. 
Day 25: If you do go out to eat, remember to bring your own container for leftovers. 
Day 26: Spend time switching all of your bills and bank statements to a paperless option. 
Day 27: Host a clothing swap with your friends to add some new pieces to your closet.
Day 28: Start your own garden (even if it’s just potted fresh herbs) or join a community garden.
Day 29: Buy your own compost bin to make better use of your produce scraps.
Day 30: Kick up your feet and watch Planet Earth on Netflix to appreciate the beautiful planet you’re helping to save—and get ready for the next 30 days!

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